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Problem Solver

Click on the links below to solve the following nail problems:

  1. Dry nails
  2. Breaking, peeling and splitting nails
  3. Nails that grow (too) slowly
  4. Dry cuticles
  5. Nail biting

Trind's Approach to Nail Technology

To properly treat and pamper your nails, it is important to understand the physiology of your nails, which typical nail problems you can face and how you can eventually solve these nail problems.

In the last decade, Trind has been building it’s expertise in the field of hand and nail care. Understanding and using this important information will enable you to choose the right products for your nail care needs. Many women face nail problems. For nails that are peeling, breaking and splitting, or they look very dull and dry the solution is found with Trind. This can be done with our know-how which you can read on our website and of course with our products. To get beautiful strong nails, it is of great importance that you are aware of the following facts:

How is the nail built? (Nail Physiology)

Like skin and hair, the nails contain "keratin". Keratin is a stodgy kind of protein (fibre protein), which is insoluble.

This protein contains a high percentage of sulphureous amino acids, mainly cystein, which forms disulfide bridges between the separate molecules. These molecules are turned and made out of fibre and are turned around each other, which makes them form very small "in between fibres" in a network structure.

This network structure gives the nail the required virtue strength within certain flexibility.

This virtue and flexibility are (also) dependent of the water (moisture) quantity which is in the nail.

Also present are lipid (fat) like substances in the nail, like squalene and cholesterol, which are also necessary to keep the moisture level in the nail on the right level which assists in keeping the nails flexibility.

Roughly, the consistency of a nail looks as follows:

Protein: 8 - 90 %
Water: 5 - 24 %
Sulphur: 2,5 - 5,0 %
Lipids: ~ 5 %

Also, traces of iron, aluminium, copper, phosphor, calcium, sodium and even gold, silver and titanium can be found in the nail!

Nails protect your finger and toe tips and assist in picking up small objects. Furthermore, they can be used as a (strong) weapon.

The condition of the nails reflects the health of the body.

Healthy people have a nail growth of about 0,10 – 0,15 mm per day. This may vary. Kids' nails grow faster than older nails and fingernails grow faster than toenails. In the summertime nails grow faster than in wintertime. Also, there is a difference between men (quicker) and women (slower) regarding nail growth. Only during pregnancy, women’s nails grow faster than men's. There is also a difference in nail growth between the individual fingers and toes.

The part of the nail we normally indicate as the "nail" is just a part of the nail and is called nail plate. The nail plate exclusively exists of dead keratin cells.
Dead keratin cells are compactly stacked in approximately 100 layers. The upper layer is produced at the back of the nail matrix; the lower part – the layer which is in close contact with the nail bed - is produced at the front of the nail matrix.

Which means that the cells of the upper layer have passed a longer way when they have reached the edge of the nail than the cells of the lower layer. This means that the cells of the upper layer can be as much as two months older than the cells below. Which, as a consequence, can cause the nail to start splitting "at the top" more quickly than "below".

The nail is produced in the nail matrix; this matrix can be found under the skin and is therefore invisible. The matrix goes over into the "lunula" (the "half moon" which is specifically visible at the thumb). From the matrix, the nail plate grows in the direction of the finger tip over the nail bed.

The nail plate stands in close contact to the nail bed and maintains the "water level" in the nail plate. This is important, while the moisture level in the nail affects the virtue and flexibility of the nail. Therefore, we notice that where the nail plate deflects from the nail bed –the edge of the nail – the nail will become more brittle and tends to split easier.

The cuticles exist of keratin like material. Nevertheless, they are more flexible. The cuticle forms an effective barrier between the nail and surrounding skin and prevents dirt or bacterium to enter the body through the nail and skin. This illustrates the importance of keeping the cuticles in an optimal condition.

What are the most common nail problems?

Nail problems are often caused by our daily habits (lifestyle), like washing our hands many times, coming in contact with all kinds of chemicals (for example acetone as a nail polish remover) and surrounding factors (dry spaces, central heating), smoking etc.

A good regime of hand and nail care (like Trind), is therefore indispensable.

The most common nail problems are:

• Dry nails
• Breaking, peeling and splitting nails
• Nails that grow (too) slowly
• Dry cuticles
• Nail biting

Dry nails

This is the most common nail problem. A dry nail contains lack of nail moisture and can often be recognized by a yellowish colour in the nail plate. Nail moisture keeps the nail elastic. When a nail contains too little moisture, as a reason it can break peel and even split.

Breaking, peeling and splitting nails

Nails that are not strong enough, contain too little nail moisture. When a nail has lack of nail moisture, it loses its elasticity and will finally start breaking, peeling or splitting.

Nails that grow (too) slowly

A nail grows from the nail matrix. Which can be found under the "half moon", at the lower part of your nail. The nails of your hand grow in average about 0,10 mm – 0,15 mm per day, the nails of your toes somewhat slower. When your nails grow slowly, this is mostly caused by overgrown cuticles and a dry unnourished nail matrix. This inhibits nail growth. To make your nails grow optimally, it is therefore wise to remove overgrown cuticles once every 4 weeks. Never cut your cuticles! This can be very painful and even cause infections. The alternative that Trind offers, is much easier, painless and more effective.

Dry cuticles

The skin around the nails is very thin and easily harmed. Water, cleaning products and changing weather circumstances every day also contribute to problem cuticles. As a consequence, your cuticles and nails become dry and can develop horned pieces of cuticle – the so called hangnails that can be extremely painful and can even contribute in developing infections! Proper care of the cuticles is therefore very important. In maintaining your cuticles which supports nail growth!

Nail biting

Everywhere in the world nail biting is also one of the main nail problems. Men and women of all ages face this awful habit. In the past, "biter's nails" used to be covered with tape or gloves to stop them from biting their nails. Meanwhile, several cosmetic products are offered, like for example Trind Anti-Bite Nail Repair Light. Trind’s unique formula will assist in breaking this habit while strengthening your nails.

 



 

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